By Matthew Fretwell

Directions: Read through the Summation and Task below and then in your own words, answer each question in at least 100 words.
) For this exercise, you may desire to keep mulitiple browser windows
open concerning each subject. Also please note: NACM does not
endorse any one specific theological view, this exercise is to assist
you in your Biblical understanding


Our lesson from Wikipedia states, “Locus of control is a
term…that refers to a person’s belief about what causes the good or bad
results in his life.”

Before we begin this lesson, it must be stated, each person has their
own “theology.” Theology is good; it allows the believer to more
in-depth study what they believe and understand about God. Theology is
basically the study or understanding of God; it comes from the Greek- Theos
(God) and logos (Word or reason). Therefore, our rational study
of how we perceive the God of the Bible shapes our theology. For
example, a believer whose theology is more Arminian (free-will centered;
See Arminianism)
would think of his/her locus of control to be caused by the fall of
man, in Adam and Eve’s willful disobedience to God. An Arminian would
also utilize verses in the Bible which pertain to choice and man’s
ability to cause events to happen, whether good or evil.

On the other side of Biblical locus of control would be Predeterminism
(better known as Augustinianism or Calvinism
). This theological view understands that God is Sovereign over all
circumstances; God “determines” all outcomes before they occur and has
perfect “fore-knowledge” of any event, whether good or evil.

With the above stated, a believer’s locus of control depends upon their
theological (understanding) view of God. It would be obvious that a
Calvinist (external locus of control) would not believe that he/she
could change the outcome of a certain situation, which is predestined
(ref: Romans 9:15, 21; Ephesians 1:4–8; John
17:9; Romans 8:28–39 ). As well, an Arminian believer’s
locus of control would tend to be sided on persuading God or “internal”
(perhaps through prayer or fasting) or causing his own bad or good;
without God’s intervention, fore-knowledge, or predetermination (ref: John 3:16, 2 Peter 3:9, 1 Timothy 2:3-6 )


1. Look at the above verses (in both views) and determine your
theological view, through your understanding of locus of control theory.
Is your locus of control internal or external?

2. How does your locus of control effect the way you view God’s
Sovereignty (meaning; both Arminians and Calvinist believe in the
Sovereignty of God, just viewed differently)?